The culture of silence on issues of sexuality and reproduction cuts across all cultures in Nigeria ; in some more than others. The majority of Nigerian people appear to be uncomfortable in discussing issues relating to sexuality and reproduction. This has resulted in poor or abject lack of information on sexual and reproductive health and rights among Nigerians, including policy makers at all levels. These tendencies continue to gain grounds as a result of international campaigns by conservatives and fundamentalists bastardizing the terms “Sexual and Reproductive Rights”. They have continued to frustrate efforts to put global policies on sexual and reproductive rights in place, which could be used at country-level to improve Sexual and Reproductive Health. These campaigns have reinforced a negative and sometimes – confrontational attitudes, among Nigerians towards information/education on Sexual and Reproductive Health and Rights, with devastating effects, especially on vulnerable groups which include adolescents, women, people with disabilities and sexual minorities.The denial of the importance of and necessity for Sexual and Reproductive Rights, lack of laws, policies, infrastructure and the political will to address Reproductive and sexual Health needs continue to have devastating effects on Nigerians. These include among others, the high rate of HIV/AIDS transmission and sexually Transmitted Diseases (STDs) among young people, maternal mortality and morbidity from unsafe abortions and lack of quality maternal care and sexual Violence. Addressing these call for immediate action.